The Mental Health Foundation have released a report (see it here), which sets out further evidence that investing in relationships is at least as important to our health and wellbeing as not smoking. Their argument, like that of Relational Thinking Network, is that both as a society and as individuals we need urgently to prioritise relationships and tackle the barriers to forming them.
The importance of relationships for health
Looking at a range of evidence, the authors show that people who are more socially connected to family, friends, or their community are happier, physically healthier and live longer than people who are less well connected.
Indeed, a review of 148 studies concluded that:
the influence of social relationships on the risk of death are comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality such as smoking and alcohol consumption and exceed the influence of other risk factors such as physical inactivity and obesity.
They make reference to a longitudinal Harvard study, that began in 1938 and published in the 2012 book 'Triumphs of Experience', that found that that relationships are the most important factors for health and happiness.
Factors causing relationship problems
The report discusses a number of inter-related factors that negatively affect relationships. For example:
- Moving away from one’s hometown, family and friends can have a very real impact on our relationships. Moving means having to adapt to a new physical and social environment. Studies suggest that one of the biggest challenges facing individuals when they move is building relationships and connecting with others.
- Social media and other online technologies have many positives. However, the report notes that almost half of internet uses in the UK reported that the internet had not increased their contact with friends or family who had moved away.
Indeed, while they have increase our sense of belonging, online relationships cannot replace our offline relationships.
The neurochemical response that occurs during face-to-face interactions contributes to our sense of connection, understanding and ultimately wellbeing. In other words, face-to-face communication still matters.
- Bullying can have a negative effect on people's health. Conversely a positive experience at school, particularly with teachers, can "act as a buffer and help protect young people during this difficult time." This is something that Relational Schools has been researching on.
- Loneliness and isolation are a significant issue for older people. See an earlier blog post we wrote about this here.
Actions to be taken
The report ends by calling, as the Relational Thinking Network has done, for "a sea change in thinking". We need to not only recognise the importance of relationships, (which we instinctively do), but that we take an active approach in the way we build and maintain relationships, and to tackle the barriers that prevents strong relationships from being built.